Andrés Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio (1863-1897) was the founder of the Katipunan, a militant nationalist secret society that led the rebellion against Spain. Bonifacio declared Philippine independence in 1896 in the wake of the execution of his hero and mentor José Rizal. He was arrested that year and charged with treason and sedition, and executed in 1897. He is remembered as a nationalist proletariat hero and father of the anti-colonial revolution, alongside Rizal. Like Rizal, he was remembered in celebrations of the pasyon, which framed him as a modern Christ figure.


Willem Wolters, “Andres Bonifacio (1863-1897),” Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor, ed. Keat Gin Ooi (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004), pp. 240-241.