People Power

People Power refers to nonviolent popular protests that took place in the Philippines leading to the removal of President Ferdinand Marcos in 1986 and President Joseph Estrada in 2001, and one manifestation of Filipino participation in civil society and liberal democracy. The catalyst for the 1986 protests was the arrest of defected military leaders, and buoyed by public calls to protest by Catholic...

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Propaganda Movement, The

The Propaganda Movement (1872-1892) was the first Filipino nationalist movement, led by a Filipino elite and inspired by the protonationalist activism of figures such as José Burgos and by his execution at the hands of colonial authorities. Propagandists were largely young men, often mestizos and creoles whose families could afford to send them to study in Spanish universities in Madrid and Barcelona. There, they...

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Protestant Christianity in the Philippines

Protestant Christians make up nearly 6% of the Filipino population and include a wide variety of Pentecostal, Evangelical, and independent churches. Protestant influence and missionary activity began in the early 20th century with the advent of American imperialism in the Philippines.

American leadership was strongly Protestant and guided by Protestant values, as well as by Protestant-Catholic cultural conflicts taking place in the United States during the late 19...

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Treaty of Paris, The

The Treaty of Paris (1898) officially ended the period of Spanish colonization in the Philippines and granted possession of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. It also required that the United States pay $20 million USD in recompense to the Spanish government. It signaled the end of global Spanish colonization, and the rise of American imperialism in the Pacific theater as well as the role of the United States as world power.