José Burgos

José Burgos (1837-1872) was a Filipino Catholic Priest and a leader of the secularization movement, referring to the full incorporation of Filipino priests into the Catholic hierarchy of the Philippines, then dominated by Spanish friars. Alongside Fathers Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, Burgos was arrested on false charges of sedition and incitement of the Cavite Mutiny—a mutiny of 200 Filipino soldiers and laborers in the town of Cavite—and executed in 1872. The acronym GOMBURZA, referring to the three priests, was a popular password among anticolonial nationalists and a slogan that sparked the nationalist movement.