Frequently Asked Questions

Christianity in Somalia

There is a small Christian minority in Somalia of unknown size, which face persecution on the part of militant Islamist organizations such as al-Shabaab. Its members include Bantu as well as ethnic Somalis who have converted from Islam. Christians are not represented by the government and have no say in Somali politics.


Martin Hill,...

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Christianity in Turkey

Christianity is a minority religion in Turkey today, though it was once the majority faith of the Ottoman Empire. The Christian population shrank immensely with the forfeiture of large territories leading up to and during WWI, and with the population transfer between Turkey and Greece that saw the loss of most of Turkey’s Greek Orthodox community. Christians currently make up less than 0.3% of the population, including (from largest to smallest)...

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Christians for National Liberation

Christians for National Liberation (CNL) was the largest organization within the leftist umbrella group, the National Democratic Front, which also included and was led by the Communist Party of the Philippines. Inspired by the social justice imperative of Vatican II and Latin American liberation theology, the CNL was founded by Roman Catholic priest Fr. Edicio de la Torre in response to the imposition of martial law by President ...

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Christological Controversies

Differing views about the nature and interpretation of Jesus. Throughout all of Christian history and relevant in contemporary times, Christians have debated how to understand and interpret the life and meaning of Jesus. 


The surgical removal of the foreskin covering the head of the penis. In Judaism, this is a ritual practice traditionally undertaken eight days after birth.


Emperor of Rome from 306-337 CE. In 313 he issued the Edict of Milan which decriminalized Christian worship and promoted tolerance for all religious expressions. In 380 the three, reigning Roman Emperors issued the Edict of Thessalonica that declared Nicene Christianity the state religion which all subjects were required to follow.  

Coptic Christianity in Egypt

Coptic Christians make up Egypt’s largest and most significant minority population and the largest population of Christians in the Middle East. It is an Eastern Orthodox tradition, and most Copts follow the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Historically, the Coptic Church has roots in Egypt originating in the earliest days of Christianity; Christian religious sites mark the location where Mary, Joseph, and Jesus are believed to have stayed during their flight to Egypt and are proximal to centuries-old Coptic churches.

The Coptic Church experienced a religious revival...

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