Frequently Asked Questions

Armenian Apostolic Church in Turkey, The

The Armenian Apostolic Church is an Eastern Orthodox Church, the largest Christian denomination in Turkey, and the national church of Armenia. The Church was founded in Armenia, where Christianity was established as the state religion in the year 301 CE. With the fall of the Armenian kingdoms in the 11th century and the rise of the Safavids in Iran in the 16th century, Armenians immigrated to cities throughout Ottoman Empire, particularly in Anatolia and the Levant. In 1742, Rome officially recognized...

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Armenian Genocide, The

The Armenian Genocide refers to the deaths and deportations of between 700,000 and one million Armenians during and after WWI. Heightened tensions arose between the Ottoman government and its Armenian subjects beginning with the 1830 annexation of Eastern Armenia by Russia, triggering an Armenian cultural revival that led to the emergence of Armenian nationalism, which made claims to a homeland in Eastern Turkey. The genocide also reflects population policies instituted by the Young Turks to “Turkify” and homogenize the Turkish population. These policies were issued in the context of a...

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Armenians in Turkey

Armenians form a small but highly politicized minority community on account of the 1915-1916 Armenian Genocide, during which over one million Armenians were killed as a result of population policies instituted by the Young Turks during and after the First World War. International efforts to push Turkey to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide have had a negative impact on the lives of Armenians living in Turkey. The current Armenian community is estimated to be around 70,000, the...

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Ashin Wirathu

Ashin Wirathu (b. 1968) is a Burmese Buddhist monk and the leader of the 969 nationalist Buddhist movement. He has received international notoriety for his anti-Muslim rhetoric and was described on the cover of Time in July 2013 as “The Face of Buddhist Terror.” He was jailed for eight years by the military government in the early 2000s and has repeatedly stoked Burmese fears of the Muslim minority since his release. Although Wirathu asserts that his speeches do not explicitly advocate violence,...

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Assembly of God

The Assembly of God is Brazil’s largest Pentecostal church, claiming more than 14 million members. Part of the first wave of Pentecostal churches, two Swedish missionaries from Chicago introduced the church to northern Brazil in the 1910s and it retains a headquarters in Belém. Unlike other imports, the church empowered Brazilian converts from its first days and relied on Brazilians to evangelize their compatriots. Brazilians served as church planters, ministers and leaders, independent...

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Myanmar

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political association founded in 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand. It was originally comprised of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, but grew to include Brunei (1984), Vietnam (1995), Laos and Myanmar (1997), and Cambodia (1999). Its declared aims are the support of economic growth, cultural development, and “social progress” in its member states, the promotion of regional security and rule of...

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Athanasius

Bishop of Alexandria from 328-373 CE.

 

Augustinian

A Roman Catholic order named after St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430 CE) and founded in the Thirteenth Century.

Autocephalous

In the context of Christianity, an autocephalous church is one in which the Bishop or Patriarch is the highest ranking religious authority and does not report to any ecclesiastical authority above him. It is common designation among Eastern Orthodox churches.

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